VA State Inspection

Sudley Valero VA Inspection

Which vehicles require an emissions inspection?

Certain vehicles require a Virginia Emissions Inspection PASS or WAIVER before DMV can complete the registration process. The requirements are categorized by fuel type,


  • Gasoline-powered passenger or property carrying vehicles with a model year that is less than 25 model years old before January 1 of the current calendar year and with a manufacturer’s designated gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or less
  • Diesel-powered passenger or property carrying vehicles with a model year of 1997 or newer and with a manufacturer’s designated gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less

and apply to vehicles that are registered in one of the following localities:

  • Counties of: Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford
  • Cities of: Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Manassas, and Manassas Park

Vehicle owners in the Northern Virginia counties, as well as regular commuters into the area and vehicles operating on federal installations, are subject to the emissions inspection program. A vehicle’s inspection date is based on the registration deadline, and the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) will notify owners six to eight weeks before an inspection is due. DMV can complete vehicle registration only after the inspection has been passed or a waiver has been issued.

An inspection must be performed every two years at a permitted emissions inspection station. Most inspections should take about 20 minutes or less, and the inspector issues a vehicle inspection report after the appropriate tests are performed.

If the vehicle does not pass the inspection, necessary repairs must be made. This often may be done at the same facility that performed the inspection. The vehicle then must be re-inspected, which is free if performed within 14 days at the facility that performed the initial inspection. A vehicle that does not pass the re-inspection may be eligible for a waiver only if appropriate repairs were done at a Virginia certified emissions repair facility.